In spite of being educated under British rule, Gandhi, who was a very intelligent Indian lawyer, was resentful of British imperialistic rule of the Indian people. This, of course, was quite common among the Indian people, who were becoming acutely educated and large as a population. Because of his unique experiences with social injustice, Gandhi felt compelled to assist the oppressed immigrant Indian population of South Africa. It was there that white European settlers enjoyed social rights not given to other ethnic populations, respectively.
During his efforts in South Africa, Gandhi developed effective social activist doctrine based upon classic works of philosophical literature, including the Baghavad Gita, an ancient Hindu work, the sermon on the mount, an excerpt from the Holy Bible, Thoreau’s practices, and works of Jainism. Through the amalgam of selfless action and attempts for righteousness, the permutable effect of love, civil disobedience, and nonviolence, respectively, Gandhi created the concept of Satyagraha. Satyagraha, or nonviolent resistance to tyranny, became the virtual mantra by which the Indian people gained their independence from oppressive British rule.
While many Indian statesmen came before Mahatma Gandhi, he was unique in that his efforts largely went beyond the sole interests of few. His philosophy of Satyagraha spread to not just Hindu people of different castes, either. Muslims embraced these concepts in the middle east among other oppressed groups across the globe. Gandhi became a beacon of hope for those that were mostly voiceless under tyrannical regimes. Contemporary works by that of Martin Luther King Jr. and Aung San Suu Kyi have been testimonies to the concepts of Satyagraha.
Comments: I find it really inspiring that Gandhi could accomplish so much without warfare as we have come to know it. So often in contemporary society, citizens are afraid to speak out against injustices of tiny proportions, let alone an issue of imperialistic national interest. I think that most of us who have watched this podcast have learned a great deal about what it is to speak to the world community. Gandhi, in effect, did this and did it quite well. I think that because he combined such works of significance, he automatically caught the attention of their respective cultural peoples and/or followers. By allowing these cultural barriers to be lifted in the initial stages of the Satyagraha, Gandhi in effect, told the world without using the exact words that this philosophical and sociopolitical concept was much bigger than the world it spoke to. As a result, everyone tuned in and a timeless red carpet of anti-injustice and civil rights ensued.